Myopia - TREATING SHORTSIGHTEDNESS IN BIRMINGHAM
Myopia: "I see nearby but not far away"
You are “short-sighted” (also known as myopia). Distant objects are focussed in front of your retina because your eye is too long and the focusing power of your eye is too strong. Wearing minus (-) glasses moves the focal plane backwards which focuses the image you’re looking at on your retina. If you’re short-sighted your eyes look smaller through your glasses and everything you look at will also look smaller than when you are wearing contact lenses.
Myopia: The problem & the treatment
Fifty years ago few people were short-sighted, but the number of people with myopia (short-sightedness) is increasing. There are currently about 900 million myopic people in the world. Myopia usually starts developing between the ages of eight and 12. Your eyes grow during childhood and short-sightedness can develop until they’re fully grown. Myopia is unlikely to develop after that, so it usually occurs before the age of 20. Short-sightedness is very common.
A quarter of adults and 50% of teenagers in the UK are myopic. Young children usually don’t realise they are short-sighted. Signs that your child may be short-sighted include frowning or narrowing their eyes, rubbing their eyes, sitting close to the TV or having trouble seeing the blackboard or whiteboard at school.
Why are more children becoming myopic? The answer is complex, but the more time children spend outdoors, the less likely they are to develop myopia. More sunshine, less time watching TV, looking at computers, mobile phones and reading reduces myopia. But our genes are also important and we may pass our myopia on to our children. 50 million people have had laser eye treatment over the last 20 years to correct myopia but it would be even better to prevent this problem. Read more about the myopia epidemic.
Focusing power of eyes is measured in dioptres (D). The higher the number, the more short-sighted you are. Mild short-sightedness scores up to 3.00D. If you’re mildly short-sighted you may not need glasses or contact lenses for treatment of your blurred vision all the time although they do help. Vision correction surgery such as LASIK can also correct myopia. Moderate myopia is 3.00D to 6.00D and you won’t be able to get by without glasses or contact lenses. Laser eye surgery is a also a good solution for correcting moderate myopia, especially a procedure called SMILE. There is only one laser in Birmingham for treating SMILE and eye surgeon Mark Wevill is the most experienced SMILE eye doctor in Birmingham. If you are over the age of 50 lens replacement surgery may be a better solution. High myopia is 6.00D or over and more people are becoming highly myopic. High myopia carries a higher risk of other eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma and retinal problems. Reducing the time children spend indoors and on their phones reduces the risk of them developing high myopia. Visian ICL surgery is an excellent treatment for high myopia and if you are over the age of 50 then lens replacement surgery is usually the best surgery option.
Do you suffer from Myopia?
Mark Wevill is an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) and eye surgeon who has specialised in doing laser and lens vision correction. He has been correcting vision in eye clinics in Birmingham and the West Midlands since 2002. These treatments don’t cure myopia but they improve the distance vision of short-sighted people. The price of correcting your myopia depends on the treatment that’s best for you and we’ll find an affordable way to discover what you’ve been missing.